The article is being updated as more news about temporary injunctions and restraining orders impacting abortion access comes out. It was originally published on June 28.
Update 7/2/22: Late Friday night, the Texas Supreme Court decided a 1925 law banning abortion could take effect, thus overturning a ruling in a lower court that had let abortions up to six weeks resume temporarily.
Update 7/12/22: In Louisiana, abortion is currently legal again after a judge granted a second temporary restraining order blocking the bans on abortion in the state from being enforced. This came after a judge didn't extend an initial temporary restraining order, allowing most abortions to be banned in the state as of Friday, July 8. Another hearing will take place next Monday.
Original article follows.
Chaos and clinic-closing ensued after the Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade, which protected a person’s right to choose abortion, on June 24. The decision means that states now have the power to decide whether their residents can access abortion. Thirteen of them have “trigger laws” on the books, which are essentially abortion bans designed to be “triggered” into effect by Roe’s demise. But abortion providers have long been ready for this moment, and immediately filed lawsuits to challenge those bans. And so far, they’ve been successful (at least for now) in four states: Utah, Louisiana, Texas, and Kentucky. All but Texas currently can continue providing some abortions.
In Utah, Third District Court Judge Andrew Stone granted an emergency injunction to Planned Parenthood of Utah and the American Civil Liberties Union of Utah. It’s a 14-day temporary restraining order (TRO) that allowed abortion care to resume there for now. “On Monday, [June 27,] in Utah, one of the reddest states in the country, where the trigger law and its exceptions read the same way that the predominant religion here would have it read, we somehow got a TRO,” Karrie Galloway, CEO of the Planned Parenthood Association of Utah, tells Refinery29. The next day, though, a different law from 2019 went into effect, prohibiting people in the state from having abortions after 18 weeks.
Meanwhile, in Louisiana, The Center for Reproductive Rights filed a suit on behalf of an abortion clinic in Shreveport, saying the three trigger laws on the books were “unconstitutionally vague.” A hearing to determine the future of the laws is scheduled for July 8.
On Thursday, June 30, a Kentucky judge temporarily blocked the state’s trigger laws by granting a restraining order that allows abortions to resume temporarily, after a request from the American Civil Liberties Union of Kentucky and Planned Parenthood Great Northwest, Hawaii, Alaska, Indiana, Kentucky. Earlier this week, the Kentucky Supreme Court rejected a request from the state's Republican attorney general, in which he'd asked to enforce the trigger ban.
On Tuesday, June 28, Texas also got an injunction allowing abortions in pregnancies up to six weeks. But late Friday night, the Texas Supreme Court decided a 1925 law banning abortion could take effect, overturning the lower court ruling that had let abortions resume temporarily. A further hearing on the matter is scheduled for later this month.
Similar actions were attempted in states where there aren't trigger laws but other bans. In Florida, a judge said he would temporarily block a 15-week abortion ban from taking effect, saying it's “unconstitutional in that it violates the privacy provision of the Florida Constitution.” But, as it stands, the ban has remained in effect since the state filed an appeal Tuesday.
Although it’s unclear how long the current stopgaps on the abortion bans in these states will hold, one thing is for sure: They’ll make a definite difference in the lives of hundreds of people who can have abortions in these states between now and the time the restraining orders are revisited in court in early July, says Galloway. “As soon as the judge signed the order in Utah on Monday, we could begin providing abortion care again,” Galloway says. “We had some people who’d waited in our waiting rooms for the potential of that happening.” They’d helped about 35 people as of our conversation on June 28, though they could no longer help those over 18 weeks into their pregnancies.
Some of those they helped were people who’d had appointments on Saturday, June 25, the day after Roe was overturned and the trigger ban in Utah went into effect. “These were people who made appointments a week, 10 days ago, because we have so many restrictions on abortion here, including 72-hour waiting periods,” Galloway says. “These people made their decision before the reversal, and we had to tell them they no longer had the right to make that decision.” This was extremely stressful and devastating for both the patients and the staff members, Galloway says.
“The majority of people we see don’t have health insurance,” she adds. “The majority of people who get abortions are already parents. They know what they’re getting into. People don’t make these decisions lightly, and to be told that the decision you made is not available and that someone is taking away your ability to decide things about your own body — I really can’t imagine the amount of frustration you would feel,” she said, adding that low-income and people of color are often the most affected by such bans.
What does this mean for other states with trigger bans? Ahead of the overturning of Roe, the Guttmacher Intitute predicted 26 states are certain or likely to ban abortion without the landmark 1973 decision. Looking ahead, based on many red-state legislatures' drive to continue to ban abortion, it’s unlikely the temporary ability to carry out abortions in these trigger ban states will last. As the Louisiana Attorney General Jeff Landry (R), who is anti-abortion, said in a statement on Monday: “It is unfortunate that there are those who continue to utilize confusion, misinformation, and deceit as scare tactics in the face of the recent SCOTUS Dobbs decision.”
Meanwhile, Galloway says other states may not be able to get similar injunctions to Utah — at least not using the same arguments — because Utah’s constitution in particular has “a strong recognition of equal rights, noting that laws have to be equitable between men and women.” She hopes other states will find other ways to succeed in legal challenges though, and, for now, is taking the W.
“It may be a minor, petty victory," Galloway says. "But, for the rest of the country, I hope it gives them hope that maybe we can figure out — in states that don’t want to respect bodily autonomy where we’ll be starting at ground zero — how to help.”
Correction: In an update to this story, we said a Kentucky judge temporarily blocked the state’s trigger laws by granting a restraining order on July 30. It was June 30. We regret the error.