“I felt like I failed because I didn't know how common miscarriages were because we don't talk about them,” Obama told Roberts. “We sit in our own pain, thinking that somehow we’re broken.”
The Obamas eventually turned to in vitro fertilization, where the sperm and egg are combined outside of the body, to conceive their two daughters, Malia and Sasha. Obama said she thinks it's important to talk to young mothers about miscarriages, so they never have to suffer alone.
According to the American Pregnancy Association, about 10-25% of all clinically recognized pregnancies end in a miscarriage. There's also something called a chemical pregnancy, which is a term for when a pregnancy is lost very shortly after conception. Chemical pregnancies account for 50-75% of all miscarriages.
Celebrities such as Carrie Underwood, Jana Kramer, and Refinery29's global editor and co-founder Christene Barberich have bravely spoken about their own miscarriages and fertility struggles too, in order to let other women going through similar situations know that they're not alone. Obama's memoir will be released on November 13.