What's the case?
As the SCOTUS blog summarizes, Young v. United Parcel Service is officially about “whether, and in what circumstances, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act requires an employer that provides work accommodations to non-pregnant employees with work limitations to provide work accommodations to pregnant employees who are ‘similar in their ability or inability to work.'”
What's the precedent?
Young’s case is obviously not the first major women’s workplace-discrimination suit. According to the New York Times, back in 1976, General Electric Co. v. Gilbert “ruled that discrimination based on pregnancy was not a form of sex discrimination.”
Why it matters
According to Young, her case is about far more than money. The appeal has broad implications for women all over the country — who comprise 47% of the labor force, by the way — that plan to continue working through their pregnancies. Per the Census Bureau's 2012 stats, approximately 62% of women “who had given birth in the previous year [remained] in the labor force.”