"The main issue in autumn and winter is skin dehydration or lack of water," ZENii Skincare founder, GP, and cosmetic doctor Johanna Ward tells us. "This is different than skin dryness, which refers to skin that lacks lipids or oil. Dehydration is when there is a lack of water in the stratum corneum, or outer layer, of the skin. It can result in anything from sensitive skin and red cracked lips to rough and flaky skin."
If you find yourself loading up on thick night creams or reaching for your lip balm throughout the day, chances are your skin is craving a hydration hit. Rather than slathering on greasy and ineffective moisturizers, according to Dr. Ward, there are four steps you can take in order to ready your skin for the months ahead.