Whitehead. Just scanning your eyes over that word (or the mental image it conjures up) probably gives you instant shudders. When it comes to
skin problems, they're the worst — popping up at the most inopportune moments (but really, is there ever a good time for one?), narrowing all focus to that one zit. How can you see anything else but that little (a.k.a. BIG) guy?
Without trying to further gross you out
too much, let’s talk for a second about what a whitehead actually is. This particularly bothersome pimple is a combination of sebum (oil) and the dead skin in our follicles, explains Seabron Pelc, senior medical aesthetician at AOB Med Spa. "They stick together, creating a 'plug,' and are then used as a food source for bacteria. The lining of the follicle wall gets irritated, resulting in what we call a whitehead."
So, how do we make sure this never occurs? And, if it does, what is the best way to deal with it? We chatted with Pelc and some other industry experts, and came up with your cheat sheet to living a whitehead-free existence. Wouldn't that be nice?
Keep Your Hands To Yourself
If you're going to pop, all the experts we speak to strongly advise leaving that to the professionals. “I know it’s hard, but you risk spreading bacteria in the skin when you pop whiteheads,” says Pelc. “If you can’t resist, visit an aesthetician who can pop it in a sanitary and correct way.”
The best way to get rid of a whitehead is to have a dermatologist do what's called "acne surgery," explains dermatologist
, MD. “The doctor uses a tiny needle to open the whitehead, and then uses an extractor to push it out gently from the skin.” But, if you aren’t one to run off to the doc at a pimple’s notice, Dr. Colbert suggests applying a little retinoid cream to the area daily to shorten the whitehead's lifespan.
Acne Treatment Gel, $11.99, available at
Cleanse, Cleanse, Cleanse
Washing your face with the appropriate cleanser at least twice a day is paramount.
At least twice?
you ask. Yes, morning and night. If you're working out, dermatologist Neil Sadick, MD, advises you to wash it before and after you hit the gym, as well. If you leave makeup on your face while you sweat, your pores are more likely to clog, and in turn, cause more whiteheads. “[Use] a gentle cleanser in the morning, and a gel-based cleanser is great at night to ensure all makeup and debris are removed before going to bed,” says Dr. Sadick.
Toleriane Purifying Foaming Cleanser, $14.99, available at
If the thought of cleansing, exfoliating, toning, masking, and moisturizing is already too much to hear, find solace in knowing some formulas make it easier. This formula works on every skin type and pulls triple duty by cleansing, toning, and hydrating.
Purity Made Simple Cleanser, $24, available at
Take Off That Makeup
On that note, taking off
night is non-negotiable. If you're a fan of long-wear or waterproof formulas, be sure to have an A+ makeup remover on hand to made sure you get every last bit. We're partial to cleansing oils, which gently remove everything from liquid lipsticks to stubborn mascara.
The Deep Cleanse, $38, available at
If your usual makeup-removing process isn’t getting every last bit off your skin, Dr. Sadick suggests using a Clarisonic to really get the job done
Mia 2 Skin Cleansing System, $169, available at
reportedly swears by cleansing her face daily with the help of a washcloth — a tried-and-true trick for light, daily exfoliation. Want to give it a go? This organic muslin is gentle and well-suited for sensitive skin types.
Organic Muslin Face Cloth Pack, $20, available at
Use Clean Makeup
Speaking of makeup, the type you wear can play a big part in the state of your skin, especially if you're using it to cover up said whiteheads. “You want to avoid makeup that contains comedogenic or clogging ingredients,” explains Pelc. “Using poor-quality makeup will only make the whiteheads worse and give you more of them! Look at the ingredients — any type of wax or talc is not good.” Pelc loves
Jane Iredale Mineral Makeup
Liquid Minerals Foundation, $52, available at
Another great option for a more-natural liquid foundation, this formula provided light coverage that diffuses redness and imperfections.
Liquid Silk Foundation, $42, available at
Exfoliating Is Everything
Whiteheads are an indication of clogged pores, explains Dr. Sadick, so sloughing away all that dead skin on the regular is a must. “Mechanical prevention and at-home treatment should include daily gentle exfoliation using a granular scrub. A gentle physical exfoliant can be used every night, however most people do best with alternating it with a gentle cleanser.” Just be careful not to overdo it — you don't want to over-scrub and risk tearing or damaging the skin.
Kukui & Jojoba Bead Skin Brightening Exfoliator, $44, available at
If you have a strict no-scrubs policy (as in, you like your exfoliants in chemical form), get yourself a bottle of this potent formula, which combines a high concentration of lactic acid with skin-soothing hyaluronic acid for maximum exfoliating benefits without the irritation.
Lactic Acid 10% + HA 2%, $6.79, available at
Not a fan of manual exfoliants? Try swiping a gentle chemical peel over your skin as part of your nighttime routine. We love these glycolic acid- and- rosewater-infused pads because they never irritate our skin.
Glow Peel Pads, $22, available at
Choose The Right Moisturizing Product
“To treat a whitehead from all angles, you need to use several different products with special ingredients,” says Pelc. “Serums that contain anti-bacterial ingredients like salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide are crucial.” You should apply it to your whole face, not just the infected area, once a day in the evenings and every other day if you notice your skin becoming too dry. Pelc suggests
ImageSkincare Ageless Total Anti-Aging Serum
, and SkinCeuticals Blemish + Age Defense.
Blemish + Age Defense, $90, available at
Pelc also suggests looking for ingredients like green tea, licorice, or oat extract in your products to help deal with inflammation. Packed with skin-strengthening probiotics and flower extracts, along with the requisite soothing green tea and chamomile, this lightweight moisturizer is potent, yet extraordinarily gentle, for even the most easily irritated skin. Plus, it cuts down on redness immediately, making your daily routine that much easier.
Four O’Clock Flower, $68, available at
Opt For Vitamin A
Dr. Sadick suggests using a mild vitamin-A derivative every night at bedtime, such as
SkinMedicaRetinol Complex 0.5
. “Vitamin A is an excellent chemical exfoliator that helps to slough off dead skin cells to prevent clogging pores and future breakouts.”
Retinol Complex 0.5, $78, available from
Beware Of Outside Forces
You may have the most tip-top skin-care regimen, and still find yourself breaking out. Take a look around and assess what could be irritating your skin. Are your sunglasses clean? When was the last time you disinfected your phone? Are you changing your pillowcases often enough? If the things that are coming in contact with your skin are dirty, then your skin will be, too.
Silk Pillowcase, $79, available at
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