Going Natural? 10 Things You Need To Know

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1Illustrated by Anna Sudit.
Despite all the information out there on how to care and style natural hair, there are essential aspects that are commonly overlooked. Not to mention, some of the basic terminology thrown around by seasoned pros can leave the newly naturals confused. (Can someone please explain — again — what a pre-poo is?) To clear the air and break things down, here's a curly primer.

BC
Big Chop, or BC, is cutting the relaxed hair as a means of allowing your natural texture to grow out. It is not a trim or a regular haircut, but a way to remove all relaxed hair. Now, many veteran naturals will do a second, or even a third BC, but the term it usually used in the context of going natural and discontinuing relaxing treatments.
2Illustrated by Anna Sudit.
Pre-Poo
Pre-poo is an oil treatment applied to the hair prior to shampooing. This helps to combat the drying and tangling from the shampoo stripping the hair's natural oils.

Heat Damage
When the hair is washed, heat tools have been applied at high temperatures (flat ironing, blow drying, etc.), and it does not return to its original curly texture, the hair has experienced heat damage. Another way that heat damage manifests is split or jagged ends that are limp, lifeless, and excessively dry.

There is no product or technique to repair or reverse heat damage; heat-damaged hair must be cut off. For small areas or patches throughout the hair that appear to be looser than before, it helps to do a deep conditioning and protein treatment to expedite the reversion process. Sometimes the hair is just slow to revert and is not damaged. If the hair is indeed damaged, there is no way to fix it.

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There is also no such thing as heat training your hair. If your hair refuses to curl or coil after heat applications, it is not trained to be straight, it is damaged.
4Illustrated by Anna Sudit.
Protective Styling
These are styles that protect the oldest hair and most fragile part of your hair: the ends. Protective styles prevent the ends from being over manipulated and exposed to the weather elements, pollutants, and friction from clothing. Since many styles can actually be damaging if kept in too long or styled too tight (like weaves or braids), not every style that keeps your ends hidden is the best option. Hiding hair under wigs, weaves, or braids and neglecting to thoroughly cleanse the scalp and lubricate the hair is not protecting the hair and may actually cause damage.

Line of Demarcation
This is the point where the relaxed hair and the new growth meet. This hair is very weak and must be treated gently. Many think going natural or long-term transitioning will cause breakage, but it is the lack of gentleness and failing to keep the hair properly moisturized that causes it. Low manipulation is necessary to keep breakage to a minimum.

Slip
This describes how well or poor a product lubricates the hair for an easier detangling process. Many products with great slip have water and natural oils as the main ingredients.

RELATED: 3 Essential Hair Products You Need
3Illustrated by Anna Sudit.
LOC
LOC stands for liquid, oil, and cream. This is considered the ideal formula to maintain the moisture for natural hair. First, apply the liquid (water) to moisturize the hair. Next, apply the oil to help lock in the moisture and then follow up with a cream (butter-based) to seal it in completely. A styling product can be applied after this method.

Transitioning
Transitioning is allowing the virgin (unprocessed) hair to grow from the scalp with the intentions of gradually trimming the relaxed ends. Some women do not want to sacrifice length and have limiting styling options with a teeny weeny Afro (TWA). If you are consistently trimming at the rate that your hair grows, the relaxed ends will be completely gone between one to two years; it all depends on the length of your hair. Many decide to BC within a few months after being frustrated from handling the clashing textures. Low maintenance or low-manipulation styles are highly recommended for long-term transitioning. Curly styles such as bantu knots, roller sets, Curlformers, and two-strand twists are easier to maintain and blend better than styling straight hair. Your hair is going to be curly anyway — you might as well get some practice!

Co-washing
Co-washing is washing the hair with a botanical (plant-based) conditioner instead of shampoo. These conditioners do not contain silicones, parabens, or sulfates and many have cleansing agents that are gentler than shampoo.
5Illustrated by Anna Sudit.
Oils (Essential or Carrier)
These are a part of the natural holy grail and everyone seems to have her favorite. Essential oils are byproducts of various parts of plants after being extracted from a distillation process. This would include extremely fragrant oils like lavender oil and tea tree oil. Carrier oils are derivatives from the fatty portion of plants. Some carrier oils that can be used to dilute essential oils include avocado oil and jojoba oil.

NEXT: 10 Ingredients For The Health-Conscious Curly Girl

Whether you've got coils, waves, or serious texture, you curly-haired babes know your manes require some special treatment. Luckily, the ladies from Naturally Curly are more than qualified to guide you through the curl lexicon (pineappling? 4B?) and school you in the best treatments to get the most spring for your buck.