What does it mean to be fit? Think about it. Is it the ability to run a 5K? Perform a pull-up? Maintain a six-pack? The answer varies from person to person, but the best definition might come from Greatist Expert and Doctor of Physical Therapy, Eugene Babenko: “The fitter you are, the more you can control your body, and the more prepared you are for the unexpected.” Few skills hone these qualities as well as the handstand — and the fact that it’s the world’s coolest-looking exercise is a nice bonus, too!
Coolness aside, a proper handstand is a symphony of strength, balance, coordination, and proprioception — which means it improves one’s awareness of one’s own body.
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That’s a big deal: Training the body to become better aware of where it’s located in space comes with a whole range of benefits. Not only does it reduce the risk of injury (ankle sprains, for instance, are often linked to poor proprioception in the lower body), but it’s even been shown to improve intelligence. Seriously! A recent German study found that after only two sessions of balance training (which improves the brain's ability to monitor proprioception), the brain started to develop new grey matter, which is linked to improved memory, attention span, and learning abilities.
All of those superhuman balance benefits are great, but handstands are also a kickass strength training exercise. Just about every muscle in the body needs to work together to maintain a handstand, but it’s especially good for strengthening the core and developing strong, stable shoulders. According to Dr. Babenko, these benefits have huge carryover to weightlifting and general physical ability, and perhaps surprisingly, handstands run a very low risk of injury — so long as you don’t fall too hard!
How To Train For A Handstand
First, you’ll need some nice, strong shoulders. In Dr. Babenko’s opinion, the best exercise for handstand prep is the shoulder press. Add three sets of 10 to your workouts until you’re pressing at least half of your bodyweight. Simple exercises like push-ups, pike push-ups, and especially pike ups on a Swiss ball are great supplements, and a would-be handstand practitioner should get plenty of experience with long, steady planks.
While working on strength, it’s wise to start honing balance, too. Consistency is super important, here. The best way to advance in handstand prep is to practice every day, if only for five minutes. Unlike straightforward strength training, which requires plenty of rest and recovery, working up to a handstand fits more neatly into skill training, and can be practiced more frequently. As always, listen to your body and take a break if it feels necessary.
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Greatist Expert and celebrity trainer Jonathan Angelilli feels that yoga’s a great way to build the right foundation. Follow the training plan below and progress to the next exercise when it becomes relatively easy to hold the pose for a minute or two. You’ll be rock solid in a matter of weeks!
Tree Pose: Start by simply standing on one foot and bringing it to the thigh in a half diamond. Eventually, you should be able to hold the pose with the hands above the head.
Warrior III Pose: This complex pose is also good for improving flexibility. The trick is to start from a lunge and engage the core as much as possible.
Crow Pose: This pose is the real foundation of a handstand, and is great for preparing the shoulders to hold your bodyweight.
Wall Handstand: Keep the shoulders pulled down (not shrugged up by the ears) and the hands shoulder-width apart.
Handstand: Engage the core, make the hands as flat as pancakes, and lightly push off of the wall. Remember to keep the eyes focused between the hands, try keeping the index fingers parallel, and, perhaps most importantly, don't forget to breathe calmly and deeply.
Congratulations! You are now reveling in glorious, freestanding handstandom. Practice regularly and the next step will be handstand push-ups — but we’ll leave that to you!
Got something to say? Let us know in the comments below, or tweet the author @ncjms.
Full disclosure: Sometimes, we're lazy. So, whether it's seven ways to simplify our morning routine or how to make our time at the gym actually enjoyable, we're into it. And, to keep us on track, we've turned to Greatist, because they've got us excited about staying fit — and having fun doing it.